Shaping one’s fate in owns motherland

Natural disasters, turmoils such as civil wars and other push factors force people allover the world to seek asylum in neighboring countries.

On the other end of the scale,attracted by push factors such as an imagined better lifestyle,which cloud their vision from opportunities under their eyes in own motherland, a large number of people flee their country and seek salvation elsewhere. Daring harrowing unfolding, some even cross deserts and seas to find their ways to destinations. Day dreaming about amassing fortune elsewhere, many,even those who are better of here, opt flee their motherland. It is not few that breathe their last under the hands of atavist brokers that smuggle people and blood-thirsty terrorists.

Though migration is unsavory by its nature, it becomes more grotesque when done in an illegal manner. Some become victims of trafficking which obligates forced labor in private companies. The 2012 report of the International Organization for Migrants (IOM )from 2002 to 2011 about 20.9 million people had become subjects of illegal human trafficking and its attendant ills like forced labor. Over 37 percent of this, seven million seven hundred of them, were subjected to forced labor and commercial sex work. Studies indicate that on the global arena one out of every hundred people is subject to illegal trafficking.

There is nothing as dehumanizing as fleeing one’s country and living in servitude elsewhere compromising one’s liberty as well as having one’s right trampled underfoot. Migrants that faced such a tragic handling suffer excruciating physical pain,psychological wound and mental crisis.

In our country too, Ethiopians that migrate to different countries specially to the middle east illegally are not immune from such a misfortune. On the average, 80 to 120 Ethiopians who leave their country on daily basis by illegal and risky means get entangled in such a problem. According to IOM 75 611 and 34000 Ethiopians had migrated to crossing Red sea have found their way to Yemen in 2011 and 2012 respectively.

It is to reverse this tragic scenario and root out the problem the government brought into play various corrective measures. One such measures is the rescue move the incumbent took two years ago to return back Ethiopian emigrants facing troubles in Saudi Arabia,Yemen and Libya outlaying a large sum. It as well had facilitated things to allow them find a niche here and stand on their feet giving them counseling and training as well as lending them start up capital and seed money.

Many repatriates have been receiving technical training and are organized in different enterprises. Chief among which are manufacturing,service,textile,farming and construction. The government has also provided shades, organized workshops as well as facilitated trade expos for expos so that they can manage to promote their products and services and develop market links.

Lately the government is seeing to the safe return of Ethiopians that illegally went to Saudi Arabia and faced with forced eviction. The government is constant in its stance of taking prudential measures to ensure the safety and well-being of citizens. Obviously, the government can not tackle this problem single alone without the all-out backing of the society. As we Ethiopians are famous known for tackling a common problem we must display a similar feat in arresting illegal migration. Citizens could play quite a role tipping police about illegal human trafficking and smuggling. They as well could take the lion’s share in convincing youngsters to shape their fate in owns country.

The Ethiopian government has promulgated a proclamation to prevent illegal human trafficking and smuggling. As the problem is trans-boundary acting in concert with neighboring countries and interlope is necessary.

If oversees employment service is necessary states are expected to give training and orientations to citizens who go to the middle east. A proclamation to this effect is promulgated and the translation of the law into action will kick start after the task of straightening knotty issues sees completion.///

Embracing the win-win approach

Shearing off the age-old monopolistic perceptions hanging over from the days of yore regarding the utilization of resources, thinking out of the box is very much helpful for mending wrong turns and becoming forward looking. Mongering to the archaic adage “Might is right!”, in so far as my interest is met and as long as I cream off the lion’s share of the boon ,my neighbours  with whom I share a common resource, say a river, could land in a soup no longer buys currency, for the catchphrase of the era has become a win-win deal. Alluding to the mind set of scramble for power relegated to the dustbin of history, dragging foot reluctant to all-embracing benefits and growth is an act frowned up on as it is not in concord with modern trends. For a sustainable and efficient utilization of such a resource, the mental bent of seeing the resource a common wealth pays off. Clicking with each other with considerateness is what should be made a point.

Ten upper riparian countries of the Nile River,as member states, have come aboard the Nile Basin Initiative launched in 1999, for the initiative eyes at development projects like the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam(GERD) that reinforces common growth and buttresses studies for sustainable and mutual utilization of resources. The initiative as well workout the Nile River Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA). It is in cognizance of the aforementioned facts r downstream countries are nowadays voicing interest to follow suit.

It is to be recalled that Egypt and Sudan did take part in launching the NBI and the CFA negotiations. Both countries suspended their NBI memberships after the CFA was opened for signature in 2010. But Sudan reactivated its membership in 2013. Egypt has never boycotted the Nile Council of Ministers (Nile-COM), comprised of ministers in charge of water affairs in each of the NBI member states and the highest decision and policy-making organ of the NBI, but it had been boycotting the technical level meetings.

In an exclusive interview with the Ethiopian Herald Egyptian Ambassador to Ethiopia Abou Bakar Henfy Mahmound ,regarding his country’s current take on the matter, hinted at his country’s interest to restore its position in the NBI. He noted Egypt could not distance itself from the cooperation for regional developmental thrust. He said “Encouraging efforts are underway to expedite the good relations.”He added Egypt doesn’t entertain the desire of domineering over countries in the basin as it abides by the no-harm, benefit-all and win-win ideals— governing principles of the era. As to him,revisiting its stance pertaining to the Entebe agreement, Egypt is warming up to join the Cooperation Framework Agreement (CFA) in the not distant future.

It is to be recalled that former Egyptian leaders were backpedaling from the common utilization of the Blue Nile river while their contemporary Ethiopian leaders were not committed to the utilization of the resource.

Contrariwise, currently Ethiopian leaders are proving forthcoming in tapping this resource for regional growth—bridging demand and supply imbalance of electricity much needed for industrialization and socioeconomic take off— while Egyptian leaders are strategizing relations with Ethiopia aiming at shared vision. “We have rich resources. And the resources include,of course, water and electricity.” The Ethio-Egypt relation had been at a deadlock for over six decades as a result of misconceptions and misunderstanding “through the ongoing fruitful popular diplomatic efforts,we will prove brotherhood to our respective citizens and the world.”diplomatic efforts added the Egyptian ambassador.

Up on arrival for a three-day state visit here on Wendensday, Sudanese President Al-Bashir commented that the GERD project would not harm downstream countries. Capitalizing On the benefit of projects like GERD, fine-tuned with the ideals of the framework of NBI, he said Ethiopia and Sudan are working to connect GERD with Khartoum”WE have agreed to buy 300MW of electricity the dam generates.”

There is no gainsaying that NBI aims at an efficient utilization of resources . Pertaining to this, experts note “The water that evaporates from Aswan dam is much greater than the one Egypt utilizes for irrigation. That is due to the vulnerability of the water of the Aswan Dam to a scorching sun. If this water is preserved in a gorge,having a lower surface area at the Ethiopian Highlands,the quantity of evaporation will be scaled down.”This ensures a sustained flow of the water downstream telling on the fact GERD is beneficial to all.

Egypt’s position as an arid country with little rainfall and total reliance on the Nile River is understandable. Ethiopia and member states of NBI respect Egypt water security concerns. When they think of development it is mindful of this fact. That is why they have mounted a remarkable public diplomacy to drive home their genuine intent of a win-win approach.

The bottom line is mindful of the fact signatories of the NBI have no hidden motive of inflicting harm on their brothers and sisters in downstream countries and cognizant that the upstream countries interest resides in sustainable and considerate use of resources, Egypt need reconsider NBI membership it disrupted in 2010.///